DOJO TERMINOLOGY




CONTENTS

COUNTING FOOT TECHNIQUES PARTS OF THE BODY
BEGINNING OF TERMS HAND TECHNIQUES STANCES
BLOCKS



          The following words and phrases have been put together for you to better understand what is said and done in the dojo. Please read and learn. You will see and hear these words again.

COUNTING
Ichi (ih-chee)- One Ju Ichi (joo ih-chee)- Eleven
Ni (nee)- Two Ju Ni (joo nee)- Twelve
San (sahn)- Three Ju San (joo sahn)- Thirteen
Shi (she)- Four Ju Shi (joo she)- Fourteen
Go (go)- Five Ju Go (joo go)- Fifteen
Roku (roo-koo)- Six Ju Roku (joo roo-koo)- Sixteen
Shichi (shih-chee)- Seven Ju Shichi (joo shih-chee)- Seventeen
Hachi (hah-chee)- Eight Ju Hachi (joo hah-chee)- Eighteen
Ku (koo)- Nine Ju Ku (joo koo)- Nineteen
Ju (joo)- Ten Ni Ju (nee joo)- Twenty

          The following words may be used in different phrases or even to form sentences. If you have any questions about the pronunciation of any of these terms, please ask.

Age (ah-gey)- rising.
Anza (ahn-zah)- cross leg sitting.
Ate (ah-teh)- smash.
Atemi (ah-teh-me)- concentrated destructive power.
Barai (bah-rye)- to parry.
Bogu (boh-goo)- protective equipment used during fighting or practicing with weapons.
Bu (boo)- military.
Budo (boo-doh)- military way or way of fighting (ex. Judo, Kendo, Kyudo, Karate-do, Kobudo).
Budoka (boo-doh-kah)- military art practitioner.
Bunkai (bun-kye)- hidden meaning, an interpretation of the techniques performed in kata.
Chikara (chee-kah-rah)- strength.
Chudan (chew-dahn)- middle, ex. chest and stomach area.
Do (doh)- way.
Dojo (doh-joh)- school.
Gedan (geh-dahn)- low, ex. anything below the obi.
Genki (gehn-key)- vigor; energy.
Hajime (hah-zhim-ay)- begin.
Hidari (he-dah-rhee)- left.
Hittsui (hit-tsue-ee) OR Hiza (he-zah)- knee.
Jodan (joh-dahn)- high, ex. the head.
Ju (joo)- flexibility.
Kamae (kah-may)- fighting posture.
Kan (kahn)- house or hall.
Karategi (kah-rah-teh-ghee)- a uniform.
Karateka (kah-rah-teh-kah)- Someone who practices karate.
Kata (kah-tah)- a prearranged set of movements, consisting of stances, strikes, blocks, and kicks, used as a teaching aid.
Ki (key)- intrinsic energy, a hidden strength that everyone possesses.
Kiai (key-aye)- "spirit joining".
Kiotsuke (key-oot-skay)- a command given to stand in musubi dachi (a heisoku dachi with the toes pointed outward
          and hands by your side).
Kobudo (ko-boo-doh)- weapons.
Kotekitae (koh-tey-key-teh)- a traditional method of body conditioning.
Kumite (koo-mih-teh)- fighting.
Kuzushi (koo-zoo-she)- to unbalance.
Kyu (kyoo)- the rank under black belt.
Kyoshu (key-oh-shoe)- striking point.
Maai (mah-aye)- distancing.
Makiwara (mah-key-wah-rha)- a hard object used for striking, usually made of wood or braided straw, used to strengthen
          hands and improve focus.
Matte (mat-teh)- stop.
Mawate (mah-wah-teh)- turn.
Migi (me-ghee)- right.
Mokuso (moh-keh-so)- meditate.
Nage (nah-geh)- throw.
Obi (oh-bee)- belt.
Ojigi (oh-gee-ghee)- The Art of Bowing.
Okinawa Te (oh-key-nah-wha teh)- the original Okinawa fist art.
Rei (ray)- formal bowing.
Reigi Zaho (ray-ghee zah-hoh)- courtesy or manners.
Renshu (ren-shoe)- to train, practice, drill, etc.
Ryu (roo)- school.
Ryu-ha (roo-hah)- style.
Sensei (sehn-seh-ee)- "those who have gone before", or teacher.
Shinki (shin-key)- nerve.
Shita (she-tah)- down.
Skashi (skah-she)- to avoid.
Tachimas (tah-chee-mahs)- to rise or stand up.
Tai Sabaki (tye sah-bah-key)- body movement
Tori (toh-ree)- a term given to the "aggressor" when working with a partner.
Uke (oo-kay)- a term given to the "defender" when working with a partner.
Ukemi (oo-kehm-ee)- break fall.
Uye (oo-ee)- up.
Waza (wah-zah)- technique.
Yame (yah-may)- stop.
Yoi (yoy)- command given to stand in ready stance.
Za Rei (zah ray)- kneeling bow.

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STANCES - Dachi (dah-chee)

Fudo Dachi (foo-doh dah-chee)- Feet shoulder width apart and hands slightly out in front of you.

Heisoku Dachi (hay-sow-koo dah-chee)- Feet together and hands on your side.

Iaigoshi Dachi (ey-aye-go-she dah-chee)- kneeling stance. One foot on the floor and the opposite knee on the floor, both
          pointing in the same direction.

Ippon Ashi Dachi (ih-pon ah-she dah-chee)- one legged stances.

Kokutsu Dachi (koh-koo-tsu dah-chee)- back leg bent stance. Keep feet in a similar position to zenkutsu. Most of your
          weight is on the back leg.

Kosa Dachi (koh-sah dah-chee)- Hooked or crossed legged stance. The feet will be together, little toe to little toe. One knee
          will fit into the back of the other knee. Both knees will stay bent.

Musubi Dachi (moo-sue-be dah-chee)- a heisoku dachi with the toes pointed outward.

Nai Hanchi Dachi (ni hahn-chee dah-chee)- Both feet will move out to the side of the body instead of front or back.
          (Pretend that you are riding a horse). Once the legs are out to the side, bend the knees and drop the buttocks closer to
          the floor. Both feet should be pointing forward. Keep your back straight.

Neko dachi (neh-koh dah-chee)- This name means "cat stance". Stand with your feet together. Point one straight and turn
          the other foot to an angle (45° angle). Take the foot that is straight and move it out one step, letting only the ball of the
          foot touch the floor. Now bend the back leg so that at least 80% of your weight is on it. From this position, you should
          be able to lift your front leg and balance on your back leg.

Seisan dachi (seh-ee-sahn dah-chee)- This stance is similar to the zenkutsu dachi, but it's length is shorter. Both feet should
          be turned slightly inward.

Seiza (seh-zah)- Sitting, kneeling. Both feet should be underneath the buttocks with both great toes touching. Hands can either
          on the upper thigh or on the knee.

Shiko dachi (she-ko dah-chee)- This stance is performed the same as the nai hanchi dachi but instead of the feet pointing
          straight forward, they are pointed out and away from the body.

Zenkutsu dachi (zen-koo-tsue dah-chee)- One leg forward and one leg back, shoulder width apart. The front knee will be
          bent until you can't see your toes and the back leg will be straight. Both feet should be pointing forward.


HAND TECHNIQUES - Te waza (teh wah-sah)

Empi Uchi (en-pee oo-chee)- elbow strike.
Gyaku Zuki (gya-koo zoo-key)- reverse punch.
Haishu (hi-shoo)- back of hand.
Haito (hah-ee-toh)- knife hand.
Hiji Ate (he-gee ah-teh)- elbow smash.
Hike Te (hee-kee teh)- withdrawing hand, the hand on the hip.
Kaku Zuki (kah-kuh zoo-key)- square punch, ex. Nai Hanchi Shodan.
Kakuto (kah-koo-toh)- bent wrist.
Kentsui (ken-tsue-ee)- hammer fist.
Morote Zuki (moe-row-teh zoo-key)- double punch. (simultaneous)
Nukite (noo-key-teh)- spear hand.
Oi Zuki (oh-ee zoo-key)- lunge punch.
Seiken Zuki (say-ken zoo-key)- straight punch.
Shi Zuki (she zoo-key)- beak thrust.
Shuto (shoe-toe)- knife hand.
Tate Zuki (tah-teh zoo-key)- vertical punch. (short)
Teisho (teh-show) OR Shotei (show-teh)- palm heel.
Tettsui (tett-soo-ee)- hammer fist.
Tsuki Te (tsue-key teh)- hand strike
Uchi Te (oo-chee teh)- the hand doing the striking.
Ura Zuki (oo-rah zoo-key)- close punch. (upper cut)
Uraken (oo-rah-ken)- back fist.
Yama Zuki (yah-mah zoo-key)- U punch.
Zuki (zoo-key)- punch.


BLOCKS - Uke (oo-kay)

Age Uke (ah-geh oo-kay)- rising block
Chudan Uke (chew-dahn oo-kay)- outward middle forearm block
Gedan Barai (geh-dahn bah-rye)- low parry
Hasami Uke (hah-sah-me oo-kay)- scissor block.
Kosa Uke (koe-sah oo-kay)- cross block.
Morote Uke (moe-row-teh oo-kay)- augmented forearm block
Soto Uke (so-toh oo-kay)- inward middle forearm block


FOOT TECHNIQUES - Ashi waza (ah-she wah-zah)

Fumakomi (foo-mah-koh-me)- side stomp kick.
Geri (geh-rhee)- kick.
Kansetsu Geri (can-set-sue geh-rhee)- kicks aimed at joints.
Keage (kay-ah-geh)- snap.
Kekomi (kay-koh-me)- thrust.
Mae Geri (mah-eh geh-rhee)- front kick.
          Mae Geri Kakato (mah-eh geh-rhee kah-kay-toh)- front kick with the heel.
Mawashi Geri (mah-wah-she geh-rhee)- round kick with the top of the foot.
Mikazuki Geri (me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee)- crescent kick.
Sokuto Geri (sow-koo-toe geh-rhee)- side kick with the blade or edge of the foot.
Ushiro Geri (oo-she-row geh-rhee)- back kick.
Yoko Geri (yoh-koh geh-rhee)- side kick with the heel.


PARTS OF THE BODY - Karada (kah-rah-dah)

Abara bone (ah-bah-rah bo-neh)- ribs.
Ashi (ah-she)- foot and/or leg.
Ashi no yubi (ah-she no yoo-be)- ankle.
Atama (ah-tahm-ah)- head.
Empi (en-pee)- elbow.
Hana (hahn-ah)- nose.
Hara (hah-rah)- In Japanese culture, the center of a persons being / consciousness. Located approximately two inches
          below the navel.
Hiji (he-gee)- elbow.
Josokutei (joh-soh-koo-teh)- ball of the foot.
Kakato (kah-kay-toh)- heel.
Kata (kah-tah)- shoulder.
Karada (kah-rah-dah)- body.
Ken (ken)- fist.
Koshi (koh-she)- hip.
Kubi (koo-be)- neck.
Me (meh)- eye.
Mimi (me-me)- ear.
Mômo (moo-moh)- thigh.
Mune (moo-nih)- chest.
Nodo (no-doh)- throat.
Senaka (sin-ah-kah)- back.
Sokuto (sow-koo-toe)- edge of the foot.
Suigetsu (sue-ee-geh-tsue)- solar plexus.
Te (teh)- hand.
Tekubi (teh-koo-be)- wrist.
Ude (oo-deh)- forearm.
Yubi (yoo-be)- fingers.

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Last Updated: August 3, 2003